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POL 440: Research Seminar in Politics and History: Boolean Operators

Overview of library resources

Boolean Operators

Use the Boolean operators AND, OR, & NOT with your keywords or phrases to create a search

  • AND narrows your search to produce fewer results
  • OR expands your search to give you more results
  • NOT excludes a concept and will narrow your search

Topic:  The relationship between selective access to news and political polarization

Combine synonyms with OR to expand your search:  news or media or journalism; polarization or political polarization; citizens or voters

Combine concepts with AND to narrow your search:  News and polarization and voters

Reference Librarian

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Linda Park
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