Skip to Main Content

Citation Style: APA 7th Edition: 7th Edition vs. 6th Edition

What's New in APA 7th Edition

What has changed from APA 6th edition (2009) to the new APA 7th edition (2020)?

This is not intended to be a complete list of all of the changes, but this page provides a general summary of the major changes between the 6th edition and the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

  • There are now some separate guidelines for student papers and professional papers.
    • There are major changes in the formatting of the title page and header.
    • The header for a student paper requires only a page number on the left side.
  • The 6th edition only allowed Times New Roman (size 12) while the 7th edition allows a variety of fonts and font sizes.
  • Titles are now bolded on the title page and the first page of the main body (for student papers).
  • Only one space is now needed at the end of a sentence.
  • APA has now endorsed the use of the singular, gender-neutral pronoun "they."

Here are some of the changes in the formatting of reference citations:

  • "References" or "Reference" is bolded at the top of the page.
  • A location is no longer required when citing published physical materials.
  • Articles that are assigned a DOI should include the DOI at the end of the citation in the link format. A DOI number can be transformed into a DOI link by visiting (Almost all scholarly articles have a DOI [Digital Object Identifier].) 
  • Articles retrieved from databases that do not have a DOI no longer require the "retrieved from" URL unless that article is only available in that specific database.
  • Web resources require a URL, but no longer require the phrase "Retrieved from" unless a retrieval date is needed (for sources that are updated frequently).
  • Titles of webpages are now italicized. 

Reference Librarian

Profile Photo
Linda Park
(315) 279-5208